What are the (Matn/متن) and the (Sanad/سند ) of the hadith? I am really confused and I can not distinguish the Sanad from the Matn, and what is the significance of that?

Before answering the question, let us pause for a moment at the importance of the Noble Prophet’sﷺ Hadith itself. The Noble Prophet’sﷺHadith is considered the second source of Islamic law after the Noble Qur’an; it may come synonymous with it to explain the rulings, it may come in detail for what is more generalized, and it may come independently of itself. It is one of the two pillars we are commanded to follow: the Book of God (The Qur’an) and the Messenger of God’s Sunnahﷺ.

From this point of view, Muslims should be interested in the Science of Hadith, which occupied centuries of research and investigations, at different times, in lots of places, and the companions and followers (RA) spent their entire lives to investigate, clarify the Messenger’s ﷺsayings and classify them according to their authenticity; strength and weakness.

And if we hear the Prophet’sﷺNoble Hadith with confidence that it has been transmitted from the Prophetﷺ, then we act upon it, taking what he commanded us and leaving what he forbade us, thanks to the Imams of Hadith (RA) who did their best and devoted themselves for the benefit of the  Islamic nation.

A hadith has two independent portions: the first portion is called (the Sanad/ سند((leaning) of the hadith and the second portion is called the text(the Matn /متن) (the gist)  of the hadith, respectively. The Sanad comes first to refer us to the Matn with confidence in its authenticity. And as it becomes clear to us from the pronunciation, you can tell us the meaning of the Sanad linguistically, you will say that you are leaning on something, and this is true without a shadow of doubt because the Sanad linguistically is all that you lean on, so your backrests on the wall, the house stands on the pillars, and your brother leans on you while he is sitting, or depends on you in all of his affairs. The Sanad also comes in the sense of ascending, and it may be what has risen from the ground, such as mountains and the like.

As for the Matnidiomatically (in Shariah),it means in the Science of Hadith: Informing through the Matn, and this means that we attribute the Messenger’s sayingsﷺ to a group of narrators, who have certain conditions, and in a known manner, that makes us take the sayings from the Prophetﷺdirectly, after his death, ﷺ, after one thousand four hundred years, and even after twenty thousand years, the honorable Sunnah remains preserved, as Allah (SWT) preserved the Noble Qur’an.

Tell us Hamidi Abdullah bin Zubair, said: Tell us Sufian, said: Tell us Yahya bin Said Al – Ansari, said: Tell me Mohammed bin Taymi, he heard Alqamah Bin WaqasLaithi, he says: I heard ‘ Umar ibn al – Khattab (RA) On the pulpit, said: I heard the Messenger of Allah says, “ but business intentions, but each man what he intended, it had emigrated to get a minimum or a woman to marry, Vahjrth immigrated to him.”

Therefore, the hadith has its importance in Islam, and it is in itself one of the fundamentals of the religion, and it is included in almost every chapter of the rulings, because every action is linked to the intention first, and because the intention is presented in the conditions, pillars, and duties of worship and transactions, and everything that came in the Shariah.

This underlined lines come as the (Sanad/سند )of hadith, meaning: its chain of narrators, so-and-so said on the authority of so-and-so on the authority of so-and-so on the authority of the Messenger of God ﷺ, He gave such-and-such), When we reached Our Master, the Messenger of God ﷺ , whose saying comes as the )Matn/ ( متنof hadith.

But it often happens that you see scholars warn against acting on a specific hadith or believing it, due to its weakness in the Sanad or in the Matin. Accordingly, the strength of the hadith depends on the two independent portions together, the Sanad and the Matn.

Accordingly, the hadith authenticity and its strength are divided into grades and levels, some of which are related to the Sanad, some of them are related to the Matn, or some of them are related to both. So this issue needs a lot of detail, but the most important thing is that: you as a Muslim first and then as a student; you should realize that this type of knowledge where you want to navigate, our masters of the followers and imams (RA) spent their lives for the cause of knowledge, so if you would like to trace their tracks and to be a teacher to help people after them, that is possible and simple for you, with the utmost assistance and cooperation, through our professors, who are specialized and educated by the most efficient contemporary and late scholars of the nation(RA)in the Science of Hadith, you can register to be with us in our program in that aspect, on the IQRA Platform.

On the authority of Abu Saeed Al-Khudrion, the authority of the Messenger of God   ﷺ, he said, “There will come to you people seeking knowledge, and if you see them, say to them: Hello, welcome to the commandment of the Messenger of God ﷺ,  and guide them.” I  told the judge, what did you do for them? He said, teach them.

And here we say to you: Hello, Welcome to the Commandment of the Messenger of Godﷺ.