Have you ever been in those situations where an awkward silence is bound to happen? And when it does, it feels as though time stretches tenfold? Check out what happens to this stretchy prolongation when it hits a short silence (sukoon)!
Al-Madd Al-‘Aarid Lil Sukoon: temporary prolongation occurs only at the end of an ayah (or when stopping after a word) that has a harf madd in it (ا or ي or و). There are certain conditions to this madd, these are as follow.
-The harf madd should be the 2nd last letter in the word
-The sukoon is found in stopping on [the sound of] the last letter of the word
-The harf madd must not have a fat-ha, dammah or kasra on it, e.g. ( يـَ or يـِ or يـُ )
-The preceding letter must have a suitable diacritic, i.e. dammah for waaw, fat-ha for alif, kasra for yaa
-The reciter must stop after the word being recited in order to sound this madd 4 or 6 counts
-The reciter can sound this madd for 2 counts whether they are stopping or not, but generally, 2 counts are sounded only when the reciter wishes to continue.
In the special case where a fat-ha precedes the harf madd yaa or waaw, it becomes known as al-madd al-leen, covered in this post. Al-madd al-leen has the same principles as al-madd al-‘aarid lil sukoon.
Examples of al-madd al-‘aarid lil sukoon:
–Sukoon [Gatway To Arabic: page 48]
– ‘Jadwal Al-Mudood’, seventh madd listed
– ‘Tajweed Basics Foundations And More’ covers a range of mudood
Note, these documents are found on the resources page.
 Al-Madd Al-‘Aarid Lil Sukoon: المد العارد للسكون