Lean meat, lean on me, leniency…. Which “leen” is it? Let’s find out.
Al-Madd Al-Leen: easy/eased prolongation only occurs when the reciter is stopping recitation after the word containing the madd, eg. for a breath, or at the end of an ayah, etc.
Let’s look at why this is so.
Al-madd al-leen occurs when a waaw saakinah ( وْ ) or a yaa saakinah ( يْ ) are preceded by a letter with the fat-h diacritic ( ــَـ).
To be able to sound al-madd al-leen, the yaa or waaw must be “stretched” and not simply read with a sukoon.
The length of elongation is a choice made by the reader of either:
2 counts; or
4 counts; or
But not all three.
Or a mix.
Conditions of al-madd al-leen:
-it’s letters are waaw saakinah and yaa saakinah
-these letters must be preceded by a letter that has a fat-ha
-to sound this madd, the reciter must stop after saying the word containing the madd (otherwise the madd is void).
Contrary to Al-Madd Al-‘Iwad, this madd becomes void if you are not going to stop at the end of the word. An example of this is as follows:
Here we can see that the conditions of al-madd al-leen are fulfiled in that the harf madd yaa has been preceded by a fat-ha. But we do not stretch this yaa for 2, 4, or 6 counts. Why?
Because we continued onto the next word, mathaabatan.
It is situations like these that al-madd al-leen becomes completely void.
An example of when you do sound al-madd al-leen:
Visible after the word bayt, is the “jeem” character noting to the reciter it is preferable to stop reading. In this situation, we stretch the yaa in bayt for 2, 4 or 6 counts and stop for a breath. More examples:
A side note to readers who are more knowledgeable in Tajweed: al-madd al-leen relies on al-madd al-‘aarid lil sukoon. If you are going to stop after a word, you sound the ‘aarid madd. This is the same case with al-madd al-leen only it’s special case has been noted down as an entirely different tajweed rule.
–Sukoon [Gatway To Arabic: page 48]
– ‘Jadwal Al-Mudood’, sixth madd listed
– ‘Tajweed Basics Foundations And More’ covers a range of mudood
Note, these documents are found on the resources page.